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Publikasi Internasional

Causes of anger among senior high school students in Indonesia: An indigenous psychology approach

Haidar Buldan Thontowi, Rr. Cahya Wulandari, Mohammad Abdul Hakim, Dr. Moordiningsih, Kwartarini Wahyu Yuniarti, Uichol Kim

Abstract

Appraisal theorists have argued that anger is elicited when important goals have been obstructed. Using an indigenous psychology approach, the current study aims to test this premise by investigating the events that account for a person’s anger among Indonesian senior high school students. Data was collected using the anger item from the Happiness open-ended questionnaire, asking about events that make the subjects’ most angry. A total of 425 senior high school students consisting of 171 males and 254 females were involved in the study. The data was analyzed using an indigenous psychological approach by analyzing the content of the open-ended responses, categorization of the responses, and cross-tabulations with the respondent’s sex. The findings suggest that Indonesian senior high school students become angry when they their trust is violated, insulted, encounter an unpleasant experience, and disturbance. Further analysis was conducted to identify variability upon male and female subjects. The chi square test that was run towards the variables “events for causing anger” and “sex” indicated a significant relationship (p < 0.03). Male respondents were most likely to become angry when encountering unpleasant experiences while females were most likely to become angry when their trust is being violated. The findings are contrary to the notions that goal obstruction is central in eliciting anger. read more

Illness perception, stress, religiosity, depression, social support, and self management of diabetes in Indonesia

Kwartarini Wahyu Yuniarti, Citra Dewi, Retno Prasetyo Ningrum, Mariyana Widiastuti, Nice Maylani Asril

Abstract

This is an integration of three studies on type 2 diabetes. In this study, diabetes was seen in relation to illness perception, stress, depression, social support, and self management. The studies conducted using quantitative approach, employing 68 participants, aged between 40–75 years old. Interviewer-administered questionnaires were used for the data collection. Sobel test was employed to examine the mediation states of the variables in the three quantitative studies, and regression analysis was then executed for hypotheses testing. Results show that self-acceptance were significantly related to depression (r:-.14, p<.05) without being mediated by perceived social support (r:-.16, p>.05). Religiosity approved to be significantly related to the stress (r:-.69, p<.05), mediated by self acceptance (r:-.36, p<.05). “Easily being tired in work, compared to the previous condition” was identified by most of the study participants as the cause of stress. It was also discovered that illness perception and coping strategies were not having a direct association with self-management in general. This study suspected that there was multicollinearity among 8 sub-components of illness perception, coping strategies and self-management. Conclusion: self-acceptance is the most important among others; and that participants, with family, need to have correct knowledge on the nature of the illness and its management. read more

Does Moral Emotion Plays Role in Cyber-bullying?

Arini Sasikirono Suparli, Neila Ramdhani

Abstract

Number of cyber-bullying among the Internet user has been increased. People can post unusual act and words to express their negative feeling in the cyber-world. This may membawa efek emosi tidak nyaman tidak hanya bagi orang yang disasar tetapi juga orang yang membaca. Tindakan cyber-bullying ini mungkin dilakukan oleh orang yang berada pada kondisi tertentu. Therefore this research questioned does any of moral emotions, for example shame, guilt, detached have correlation with cyber- bullying? The purpose of this study is to find out which moral emotions most play role in cyber-bullying among adolescent. A survey had been carried out to collect both emotion morale and cyber-bullying data. Eighty senior high-school students, 41 females and 30 males participated in this study. Data analyzed by using a simple correlation. It was found that shame (mean=34.23) and externalization (mean= 19.72) are higher compare with guilt (mean= 19.71), detached (mean= 19.72), alpha- pride (mean=9.31), and beta-pride (mean= 9.81). All aspects of moral emotions negatively correlated with cyber-bullying. Beta- pride is the lowest (r= .27) while externalization is the highest (r= .48) correlation with cyber-bullying. Therefore, moral emotions plays important role towards cyber-bullying. Each aspect of emotion will be discussed further. read more

Teacher Quality Improvement Program: Empowering Teachers to Increasing a Quality of Indonesian’s Education

Neila Ramdhani, Djamaludin Ancok, Yuliardi Swasono, Peno Suryanto

Abstract

Teacher Quality Improvement (TQI) program has been designed to improve teacher competencies to make classroom climate fun and conducive for students to learn. The training program consists of three modules of competencies, namely personality, social, and pedagogy. The duration is two weeks, one week for personality and social competencies, and one week for pedagogy competency. All training modules basically aim at developing teachers’ soft skills to enable them to teach students effectively through creating fun and innovative climate. read more

Internet Supported Cognitive Behavior Therapy to Help Students with Shy-socially Isolated Problems

Neila Ramdhani, Jeanita Deli Widjaja, Rahmawati

Abstract

Shy-socially isolated problem is still a dominating among teenagers. Some researchers found that cognitive distortion and social anxiety are predictors of this, besides the lack of opportunity to practice and involve in social relationship. This article addresses two small studies that examined two models of internet-supported brief cognitive behavior therapy (i-brief CBT) intervention, and self-management (i-SM). The former investigated the effectiveness of i-brief CBT in reducing social anxiety in teenagers. The later tested the i-SM in decreasing cognitive distortion. The main researched aimed to test the increase of Satisfaction with Life (SWL) level of the subjects participating in the Internet-Supported Brief CBT and Self-Management programs. read more