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Publikasi Internasional

Hope Intervention Against Depression in the Survivors of Cold Lava Flood from Merapi Mount

Retnowati, D.W. Ramadiyanti, A.A. Suciati, Y.A. Sokang, H. Viola

Abstract

The series of Mount Merapi eruptions, which involved a big explosion on 26 October 2010, had been made the damages. It caused the residents, especially those having responsible for other people such as mothers, volunteers, teachers and village apparatus, get depressed. They went through so much depression because besides as survivors their beings were important to others. Therefore, the impacts they felt were not only physical but also psychological. In addition to depression, they were attacked by anxiety. The subjects of this research were groups of mothers, volunteers, teachers and village officials of Sirahan Village, Magelang Regency. Intervention of Hope to lessen depression was taken to them in order to help them face the post-disaster situations. Hope Intervention covered session aiming to identify goals, plan strategies and strengthen motivation to reach the goals. The intervention was taken in four-time meeting with duration of more or less two hours per meeting. The research used a design involving untreated control group with dependent pre-test and post-test and waiting list control group. The control group was given the same treatment after the research process ended. The scores gained by both groups were analyzed with Mann-Whitney Test. The data resulted from observation were analyzed qualitatively. Both analyzing methods showed that there was significant difference of the average of depression rate between the experiment group and the control group at the pre-test and post-test with the value of F = 11.589; p=0.001 (p<0.05). This result showed that hope intervention had significant influence on decreasing the depression rate in the experiment group compared with that in the control group. Therefore it can be concluded that Hope Intervention can lessen depression in the survivors of natural disaster. read more

Experiencing and managing Type 1 diabetes mellitus for adolescents in Indonesia: An integrated phenomenology and indigenous psychological analysis

Nice Maylani Asril, Kwartarini Wahyu Yuniarti

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease that can be found in various age groups including teenage years. Diabetes Mellitus cannot be cured but can be managed throughout life to prevent complications. Experience of self-management becomes a challenging and complex process. Psychosocial aspects are important aspects to consider in the management of adolescent self. Psychosocial aspects were examined in the study of illness representation and support from peers. The goal of this research was to explore the experience of adolescent’s self-management with type 1 diabetes mellitus in the psychosocial aspects of illness representations and explain the role and support from peers on experience with type 1 diabetes. The study involved four adolescents with diabetes mellitus aged 11 to 20 years old, parents, peers, physicians, and teachers. Indigenous psychological approach with strategy indigenization from without was employed. Qualitative approach of analysis was carried out complementarily using interpretative phenomenology. In-depth interview was used for data collection used in-depth interviews. The results indicated that illness representation influenced adolescent’s behavior in regulating and controlling, and the pain in order to achieve physical health and emotional well-being. Teenagers perceive diabetes as a disease of an elderly. Control and regulation of adolescent’s diabetes management is highly dependent on the mother as primary caregiver and adolescent’s peers. read more

What make teenagers happy? An exploratory study using indigenous psychology approach

Ardi Primasari, Kwartarini Wahyu Yuniarti

Abstract

The aim of this research was to explore what make teenagers happy. The study was a survey on the total number of 467 high school students (males=198, females=269). An open ended questionnaire was used to learn what makes teenager happy. The data was analyzed using indigenous psychological approach. Preliminary coding, categorization, axial coding and cross-tabulation were run accordingly. The respondents’ answers were analyzed using descriptive analysis. Results showed that there were three elements of the source of teenager’s happiness, those are: (1) relations with others (50.1%) consisting of events concerning their families, relations with friends, and events related to love and being loved; (2) Self-fulfillment (32.67%) consists of events related to achievement, the use of leisure time, and money; (3) Relation with God (9.63%) consists of spiritual events that involve the relations between teenagers and God. This study gave the insight that family-bond remain importance. Their being teenagers does not shift the reference into peer groups, rather than that, family is the main source of their happiness. It is also concluded that all are nothing but social engagement. read more

The basis of children’s trust towards their parents in Java, ngemong: Indigenous psychological analysis

Mochammad Abdul Hakim, Haidar Buldan Thontowi, Kwartarini Wahyu Yuniarti, Uichol Kim

Abstract

The word among is used to describe the parent-child relationship in Javanese cultural context. Javanese is one of ethnic groups in Indonesia. According to Dewantara (1968), among consists of three nurturing components: providing affection (asih), stimulating potentials of the child (asah), and fulfilling the needs of the child (asuh). The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the concept of among and the development of trust towards parents. This study examines the reasons why Javanese trust their mothers and fathers. A total number of 356 Javanese students (males = 97, females = 259) at Universitas Gadjah Mada completed open-ended questionnaires, asking how much they trust their parents, and the reasons why they trust their parents. The data was analyzed using indigenous psychological approach. Preliminary coding, categorization, axial coding and cross-tabulations were run accordingly. Results show as the following: first, the students tend to trust their mothers more than their fathers. Second, trust to mothers was more on the direction of emotional bonds, whereas trust to fathers was more related to the cultural expectations. The three components of among (asih, asah, and asuh) were also found in the results of the study and appeared to be frequently stated in the responses. The study concluded that Javanese children’s trust to mother tends to base on affectional (asih) and caring (asuh) aspects, while their trust to fathers laid on teaching and modeling (asuh) aspects. Many psychologists believe that the characteristics of children’s general trust which is growing in the family context become the basis of social relation in the social interaction. It is good to know that, so parents will also have to learn the expection of their children to facilitate them growing, and eventually leading to their fruitful accomplishments of the children. Parental education in forming the basic trust for facilitating the children’s growth in the local context is something we might need to develop and construct in the future. In the long future these will contribute, to the reduction of any conflicts and social friction, which (was suspected) originated from the lack of trust between social groups. A strong foundation of trust is eventually strenthening the establishment of harmonious society under the frame of Unity in Diversity (Bhinneka Tunggal Ika), the basis of Indonesian nationalism. read more

Sadness as perceived by Indonesian male and female adolescents

Adelia Khrisna Putri, Johana Endang Prawitasari, Moh. Abdul Hakim, Kwartarini W Yuniarti, Uichol Kim

Abstract

Adolescence is a transition phase filled with doubt and instability. During these transitions, some obstacles are often perceived as more intense and frequently cause adolescents to feel sad. This study was aimed to identify how male and female adolescents perceived sadness. A total number of 461 students, 273 females and 188 males, all of whom were high school students in Yogyakarta, completed an open-ended questionnaire, developed by Kim and Park (2006). The data was categorized, open-coded, axial-coded, and later cross-tabulated. Results demonstrated that females perceive negative moments as a life-lesson (30.4%), self reflection (13.9%), disruption (13.6%), life’s obstacles (8.1%), motivation (6.6%), memorable moments (6.6%), and lastly as a spiritual-lesson (2.6%). While males view sadness as a life lesson (22.9%), disruption (15.4%), self-reflection (11.2%), motivation (9.6%), memorable moments (5.9%), life’s obstacles (5.3%), and lastly as a spiritual lesson (3.2%). This result was later divided into two types of perception, the positive approach, containing life lesson, self-reflection, motivation, and spiritual lesson, and the negative approach, which are sadness as disruption, memorable moments, and life’s obstacles. This study concludes that both Indonesian male and female adolescent mainly took a positive perception on sadness as a life lesson, with only 27% of them viewing it as negative. read more